SCB 115 Lab 4, Exercise 8 – Cell Structure 

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Learning Objectives

After completing this lab, the students will be able to:

  • know the similarities and the difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells.
  • recognize the typical structures found in bacteria.
  • recognize the typical structure found in protists.
  • recognize the typical structure found in animal cells.
  • recognize the typical structure found in plant cells.
  • Identify the major components of each type of cell and describe the function of each.

Lab Readings

Read the following materials before you begin the experiment.

  1. Cell Structure (Openstax)

2. Module 4: Cell Structure and Function (Lumen Learning) 

3. Module 5: Cell Structure and Function: Cell Diversity (Lumen Learning) 

4. Chapter 6 Prokaryotic Cells (Hostos Community College)

5. Eukaryotic Cells (Hostos Community College)

6. Cells Lab (contains 6 slides)

7. Collection of diagrams, anatomy models, and slides of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells in PDF. You can download in the link below.


Watch the following videos on the scientific method before you start the lab activity.

  1. Videos: Organelles 
  2. Video: Eukaryopolis—The City of Animal Cells (Crash Course #4) 
  3. Video: Plant Cells (Crash Course #6) 
  4. A Tour of the Cell by Bozeman Science.

Lab Activities

  1. Open the link Organelle Slides ( and set up in study mode. Then, click the following links below to study parts of the cell:

2. Cell alive animation.

 3. Observing Elodea, Cheek cells, Euglena, and three types of Bacteria.
Please download Quick Time to run the full features of this tutorial.  
Here is the link to download quick time:  

4. Virtual microscope with Cheek cells slides, Onion root tip slide, E-letter slide, and Bacteria capsule slide.
You need to turn on the flash player on your computer to run the full feature of this material. 



  1. Worksheet for animal cell
  2. Worksheet for plant cell
  3. Worksheet for bacterial cell