Lab 4 Cladistics and Kingdom of Life and Cell Structure

For Lab 4, you will complete two exercises:

Please review the Biology Laboratory Safety guidelines before you begin each laboratory investigation. Look at SCB115-Syllabus.pdf for accessibility and other policies.

Exercise 7 – Cladistics and Kingdom of Life

Learning Objectives

After completing this lab, the students will be able to:

  • identify the six kingdoms and their distinguishing characteristics.
  • classify the organisms based on their common characteristics.

Lab Readings

Read the following materials before you begin the experiment.

1. Module 1: Introduction to Biology (Lumen Learning) 

2. Chapter 12 Diversity of Life (Openstax) 

  1. Organizing Life on Earth
  2. 12.2Determining Evolutionary Relationships


Watch the following videos on the scientific method before you start the lab activity.

  1. Classification of Life on youtube (Bozeman science)
  2. Cladograms on you tube (Bozeman Science)

Lab Activity

Cladogram Practice #1 The evolution of flight in birds.


  1. Fill out the Cladogram questions in both Part I and part II. How Does a Cladogram Reveal Evolutionary Relationships?(